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Special aspects of raising a german shepherd puppy.

Crate training,  a Safe Place.

Correct collar for your puppy.

Basic training of your puppy.

Toe Nails.

House Breaking your puppy.

   Scheduling

Walking the dog

Diet

Odor Neutralization

Confinement

Correction


 

SPECIAL ASPECTS OF RAISING A GERMAN SHEPHERD  PUPPY
Even a small German Shepherd is destined to be a large dog. This is something that must be taken into consideration when rearing it. As a puppy, your German Shepherd should not be allowed to do anything that you would not wish your full grown German Shepherd to do, such as laying on the couch. And because your puppy is going to be such a large dog, it is also a very, very good idea that it receive, at a minimum, basic obedience training. You DO NOT want a dog that will not listen to you; this can lead to obvious problems.

German Shepherds grow at such an astonishing rate that it is best not to force their growth with artificial vitamins and calcium supplements. A good quality dog food is all that they require. A German Shepherd is going to get as large as it is going to be, genetically, anyway; allowing them to grow at their own pace will give them a more stable foundation once they get there. Many breeders recommend NOT feeding a 'puppy diet' beyond the first few months due to the high protein content.

During growth periods your German Shepherd puppy is subject to joint injury. You will need to be especially careful during these times to control excessive exercise. A puppy may play at its own rate but should not be encouraged to take long walks, jump obstacles, or any other exercise that will stress the joints. This is not to say the puppy has to be confined. Just use caution and do not allow it to over exert itself.

A German Shepherd remains a puppy much longer than most breeds. Even though a German Shepherd is already quite large by the time it is 6 months old, it is still growing and maturing rapidly. A German Shepherd does not reach its full physical or mental maturity until after 3 years of age.

You will be surprised at how much a German Shepherd puppy will drink. Fresh water should be kept available at all times. Drool will accumulate in the bottom of the pup's water dish. Since the pup will not drink its own drool, the dish should be rinsed out at least daily.

All puppies love to chew. German Shepherds have very powerful jaws, even as a puppy. Some chew toys that are fine for other breeds may not be suitable for your German Shepherd. Caution should be used when choosing toys or chew bones because the pup could bite off pieces and swallow them, resulting in intestinal blockage. German Shepherd puppies also have a tendency to chew, or swallow, rocks and sticks. They should be watched closely and discouraged from doing so.

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A SAFE PLACE

This cute adorable puppy needs to learn what is acceptable behavior in the home.  Before you bring your new pup home. It is recommended that the owner gets a CRATE.  Contrary to what people think a crate is not a crul thing.  It provides the pup with its own personal space.  The crate protects the pup as well as protects your home.   The crate provides an easier way to house break your pup.

It is recomended to purchase a Crate that the pup can grow into. ---Get the largest crate you can.
a warm blanket or bed can be placed into the crate for the pup to lay on.  "NO PAPER IN THE CRATE"

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A CORRECT COLLAR FOR YOUR PUPPY

Conformation training or just training should start when the puppies are about 10 weeks old. The first thing to consider is the correct COLLAR.

You should never use a narrow collar on a young puppy as it will cut into his tender little neck. I believe that the chain collar are too heavy for young puppies. If you put on a small puppy, he will lower his head, then run and hide. A heavy collar on a young puppy is depressing to him. The wide nylon is best for a puppy because it is so light-weight that he wont mind it. He may scratch  his neck a few times because it feels strange to him, but he’ll get use to it.

  WARNING When a puppy is wearing a choke collar, don’t leave him any length of time as might catch it in something in your absence and hang himself.

SIZE: put collar around his neck and add 3 inches. I like the adjustable collars as the German Shepherd puppy grow so fast.

LEADS: should be lightweight so the puppy does not object to them, and I have found this is the easiest way to get a puppy use to wearing a collar.

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BASIC TRAINING OF PUPPY

Your puppy can learn many things at a very early stage by different tones of voice you . He may not understand the new word commands use, but he instantly  recognize your different tones of voice. Performed each time a question is asked. Here are a few examples: 

Do you want to go out ( As you walk to the door )

Do you want dinner? ( As you pick up the puppy’s dish )

Do you want a drink? ( As you turn the facet. )

Do you want a cookie? ( As you take from the cookie jar )

Do you want to go for a walk ? ( As you pick up the leash ) 

When you use the word “NO” to correct your dog, lower the tone of your voice. The tone of voice is what is important in training. Praise make it gay and full of good spirits, and be sincere, as a dog can spot insincerity.

When handling you puppy or dog, be gentle, make a companion of him, talk to him as you would a friend---conversationally. You won't spoil him by doing this but will gain respect. Your dog will be your best friend and you will gain his respect.

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TOE NAILS

Your puppy toenails are to be cut every two weeks to keep them short. If they are permitted to grow unattended, they become   unsightly, cause the puppy’s toes to spread a part  and may cause lameness. If you cut them too short, and accidentally cut into the quick and cause the nail to bleed. Don’t panic. Just dab some coagulant powder on to it to stop bleeding. ( Quick Stop ) Talk soothingly to the puppy and place a tiny bit of the powder on bleeding nail. The bleeding will stop immediately. Alum will also stop the bleeding.

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HOUSEBREAKING ---- POTTY TRAINING


A successful German Shepherd housebreaking program

Housebreaking is a five part program:
   1.  Scheduling
   2.  Diet
   3.  Odor Neutralization
   4.  Confinement
   5.  Correction

The key to this whole process is to make all five things work in conjunction with one another.  You cannot do just one and expect the dog to get housebroken.

1.  SCHEDULING
This is a list of suggested times to walk, feed and water your German Shepherd pup.  Times can be altered to your schedule, but be sure to spread them evenly apart. This schedule is based on an 8 to 9 week old puppy
.

Suggested Schedule when someone is home all the time with the pup

Time

Procedure

7:00
7:30
10:00
11:30
2:30
4:30
7:30

11:30

 

AM
AM
AM
PM
PM
PM
PM

PM

Walk the dog
Feed, water, and walk
 Water  and walk
Feed, Water and Walk
Water and Walk
Feed, Water and Walk
Water and Walk
(last water of the day)
Walk the dog

 

Suggested Schedule for working people.

Time

Procedure

Wake Up
Before Leaving for Work

Midday



Home from work


Early Evening
Before Bedtime

Walk the Dog
Feed, Water and Walk

Have a friend, relative or neighbor 
or Hired person Feed, 
Water and walk the dog

Walk the Dog, Feed, 
Water and Walk

Water and Walk
Walk the Dog

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WALKING THE DOG
Either walk the dog outside or let the dog use the back yard.  You must stay with the dog regardless to assure elimination has taken place.
Walk the dog for 20 minutes. If he does not eliminate within that time, bring him inside and confine him or watch him very closely. If you catch him eliminating in the house, correct him and take him outside immediately, to finish the job. 
Repeat the walk one hour later if necessary.


When you are at work, be sure to leave a dish of ice cubes for the dog, 
When you are at work, keep the dog confined in a designated area, with a see through puppy gate. DO NOT place newspapers on the floor. Accidents should be expected and simply cleaned up when you get home. DO NOT correct the dog about accidents that occurred while you were at work.  You may use an adequate sized wire dog crate providing someone comes to walk the dog midday and you follow the rules about confinement.

Crating dogs for limited periods of time is not cruel. Dogs have a denning instinct.  Depending upon their age, puppies and Older dogs should not be crated for excessive periods of time.  

Here are the crating guidelines for Housebreaking:

Puppies between 2 and 6 months should not be crated for more than 2 to 4 consecutive hours. 
Puppies between 6 and 12 months should not be crated for more than 4 to 6 hours
Judgment should be used based on the size and age of the dog. 

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2.  THE DIET
Both the amount of food and when the dog is fed are important.
Food requirement may vary depending on the size of the pup, environment, exercise and stress factors.  
The Best diet for a puppy in the house breaking process is one level tablespoon canned food combined with one cup moistened (with water)  quality dry food. (prepare enough food to feed the pup)  The proper amount of food is just as important as the proper kind.  If you feed the pup and excessive amount, he will need to relieve himself more often.  If you feed him too little , he will start to chew the house down.

Leave food down for 15 minutes. Do not leave food or water down during other times as long as the dog is being housebroken.

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3.  USING AN ODOR NEUTRALIZER
Wash all areas where the dog has gone to the bathroom in the house with an odor neutralizer.  The scent must be completely eliminated.  Remember that just because the owner can't smell the tell-tails of a previous elimination, the dog may be able to.

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4.  CONFINEMENT
The dog is to be confined when no one is home or when you are not able to watch the dog. The dog is to be confined with only a mesh puppy gate or a wire dog crate.  Do Not expect the dog to understand the reason for a dog door until he is housebroken.

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5.  CORRECTION
The dog should be corrected only when caught in the act!  To correct: Use the word "NO" and take him outside immediately.

Praise him when he eliminates.

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Ancram, New York

518-398-9291  


Email
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